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Jul 14, 2020

Approx. 11 min. read

How to Tackle Grapevine Communication in the Workplace

Grapevine communication happens in every organization, no matter the company size or industry. This informal type of communication may have a...

What is grapevine communication and how to tackle it

Grapevine communication happens in every organization, no matter the company size or industry. This informal type of communication may have a significant impact on the employee experience you deliver as well as your business performance and your ability to build trust with your employees. 

Therefore, it is crucial for employers to understand the power of grapevine communication in order to be able to control and manage it effectively. 


In this blog, we will explain what grapevine communication is and we will go over some tips to help you deal with this type of communication in the workplace

💡Download our eBook "10 Principles of Modern Employee Communications" and learn how to communicate with the modern employee in today's digital age. 

What Is Grapevine Communication?

According to Prof. Keith Davis, a well-known professor for his research on grapevine communication, this type of communication arises from social interaction and is as varied as people are.

grapevine-communication-definitionUnlike communication via emails, intranets and other formal communication channels in the workplace, grapevine communication is the informal way of communication that happens within organizations

Even though some employers try to prevent and stop grapevine communication, it is an inevitable part of business life, with the American Management Association estimating that fully 70% of all organizational communication emanates through the grapevine. Moreover, most employees deem it trustworthy as well. 

As grapevine communication is mostly based on the spoken word such as the “water cooler talks”, it can be impossible for employers to track it and understand the negative consequences grapevine communication can have on their workforce. 

4 Types of Grapevine Communication

Grapevine communication does not have one definite pattern or direction, though it is mostly horizontal in nature. However, it can go horizontally, vertically and even diagonally.

In order to better understand how grapevine communication happens within organizations, it is important to be aware of the various types of chains through which information can flow. 

Prof. Keith Davis, who has done extensive research on the nature of grapevine communication, has classified it into four basic types:

informal-communication-grapevine-1

  • Single Strand Chain: The single strand chain involves the passing of information through a line of persons to the ultimate recipient. 
  • Gossip Chain: In the gossip chain, one person seeks and tells the information to everyone. This chain is just like the wheel where one person stays at the center and passes the information to other employees.
  • Probability Chain: The probability chain is a random process in which someone transmits the information to others in accordance to the laws of probability and then these others pass the information in a similar way. 
  • Cluster Chain: In the cluster chain, a person tells the information to the selected people who may in turn pass the information to other selected people. 

The Negative Sides of Grapevine Communication in the Workplace

The main danger of grapevine communication in the workplace is that much of the information that gets spread through the grapevine is not verified. Oftentimes, such information is difficult, if not impossible, to track.

Employers need to understand that when false and unverified information is being spread through the grapevine, people's reputations, careers, and lives can be harmed very rapidly.

grapevine-communication-statsLet’s take a look into some of the negative sides of grapevine communication in the workplace:

  1. Lack of trust in the workplace: When communication via formal and informal channels is not consistent, employees may loose trust in their employers and leaders. As trust in the workplace is crucial for employees’ experience and productivity in the workplace, this is one of the main reasons why many employers are trying to eliminate grapevine communication as much as possible. 
  2. Partial or false information in the workplace: When talking about informal means of communication that is not documented, employees often hear or remember only parts of the messages which often results in the spread of non-reliable, false information. 
  3. Misunderstanding and misinformation in the workplace: When unverified information flows through the informal communication channels, this creates the opportunity to develop misunderstanding among employees.
  4. Information overload: On a daily basis, employees deal with so much information coming their way even without grapevine communication. Within unhealthy workplaces with a lot of rumors and gossip, this struggle is even more obvious and it negatively impacts employees’ wellbeing and productivity. 
  5. Maintaining secrecy: In grapevine communication, communication is made by open discussions. Therefore, it is often impossible to maintain the secrecy of important information.
  6. Lack of control: Under informal communication systems, there are no established rules or policies, so it is very difficult to control the information flow and credibility.
  7. Lack of cooperation among employees: This is considered as one of the biggest negative sides of grapevine communication as it can develop the adversary culture among employees, resulting in less collaboration among employees.
  8. Employees may end up not being aligned with the company's goals. When there's no clear internal communication strategy, it becomes highly challenging to align employees with the business goals. Each employee may have a different understanding of the company culture, your mission statement, and your top business goals. What's more, your employees may not have a clear understanding of how their work impacts the business. Put differently, grapevine communication may have a negative impact on your workplace productivity and your  business's success overall. 

6 Ways to Deal with Grapevine Communication

There is no way to eliminate or stop grapevine communication in the workplace. However, there are ways to better understand it, control it, and eliminate the negative sides grapevine can bring to your company by ensuring proper employee communications via formal communication channels.

Having dedicated employee communications channels at your workplace will help you support your employees' productivity all while aligning your organization.

Let’s take a look into some best practices: 

1. Always keep your employees informed

The best way to prevent or reduce grapevine communication is to always provide credible and easily accessible sources of important information. Yet, many organizations, especially large enterprises, struggle to achieve that. 

As the communication ecosystem in the workplace has become extremely complex, companies are struggling to streamline the information flow in their workplaces. As a consequence, employees often feel confused, left out, they miss out on important information, and they are less productive while wasting their time looking for the information they need

corporate-communications-stats-1

With the emergence of the new pandemic, employers are more aware about the importance of putting relevant and important information at their employees’ fingertips. Therefore, many of them are now trying to find new ways to keep their remote and on-site employees connected and informed

Within workplaces that neglect the importance of real-time  communication, the grapevine effect is inevitable. Employees will talk and comment among each other about every new step and decision you make. What's more, their opinions, concerns and beliefs will reach a much broader audience. 

Instead of waiting for employees to make their own conclusions, organizations are the ones who should make sure that the right information always reaches the right employees at the right time. 

2. Choose the right communication channels to build trust with your employees

As mentioned earlier, trust in the workplace has a big impact on employees' motivation, engagement and, consequently, their productivity and success

Yet, according to the Edelman "Trust Barometer" (a survey of 33,000 people in 28 countries), one in three people don’t trust their employer. This is especially true when it comes to trusting leaders and C-level executives

The AMA uncovered some conflicting findings on the role of grapevine communication in an organization. For example, when asked if employees would place “more credence in a speech from a company leader or in a message heard over the grapevine,” 47% of respondents chose the grapevine

grapevine-communication-trustOn the other hand, when asked if they would believe a message delivered over the grapevine or what they hear directly from their direct supervisor, 74% of respondents chose their supervisor.

By directing information through informal channels, you can affect what information is spread through the office. The study also showed that when leadership and grapevine messages were conflicting, 47% of people will believe the grapevine, 42% will believe senior management and the remaining 11% are undecided.

Therefore, leaders have a long way to go to build trust in order to be more credible and considered trustworthy by their employers, and effective leadership and manager communications are the only ways to achieve that. Leaders need to be approachable and communicate with an authentic voice. They need to really understand their role in internal communications and make sure that their messages don't get unread by the employees. 

3. Eliminate information overload in the workplace

Employees across the world, especially during the past few months, are dealing with an extensive information overload in both their private and professionals lives. 

Sometimes, it can be extremely hard to filter through that information and consume only the content that comes from credible sources. In this information chaos, grapevine communication will happen no matter what. 

Therefore, it is the employer's duty and responsibility to share the most relevant information from credible sources with the employees. This, however, is not an easy job at all!

Imagine going through every single source of information every time before you want to share external content with your employees. Unfortunately, this can be a very time consuming job for your internal communications departments

Instead, IC departments should be able to automate the content import from sources they have identified as trustworthy and relevant to their employees. That way, there will be much less room for rumors and grapevine communication in the workplace. 

Furthermore, internal communications departments, leaders and managers should have the ability to easily filter and segment their internal audiences so that information that employees get is localized, relevant to what they do, their locations, job functions, and the languages they speak.

This is how Smarp does it!

internal-communication-segmentation-2

Today, when workplaces are highly dispersed, it is crucial to stay relevant while providing timely, accurate and personalized communication.          

4. Engage your employees in two-way daily conversations

Hierarchical companies with closed company cultures are much more likely to experience the negative sides of grapevine communications. Within such organizations, employees don’t feel like they are free to share their voice, raise questions and talk about their needs and concerns. 

However, employees will still talk among each other about those matters, and the information will spread more quickly that you can imagine. 

Wouldn’t it be better to build a company culture of honest and open communication where employees feel safe to speak up, a culture where two-way communication comes before one-way communication

Now is the time for employers to understand that the days when we would just send out a newsletter with company updates to the entire workforce are over! If this is how you approach employee communications, you have probably already realized that such information is often ignored and has very low consumption rates. 

grapevine-communications-emailInternal communications professionals are now looking for ways to create more engaging content, give employees the ability to join the conversation and drive healthy workplace relationships among peers and managers no matter where they are located. 

5. Spot your internal influencers

Your internal influencers — your employees that other people listen to and trust , have a big impact on how grapevine happens and how it influences other employees in your organization. Even though spotting those influencers may be impossible through informal communications channels, your formal channels can be very helpful

If you have an internal communications solution that tracks likes, shares, and other engagement metrics, it can be pretty simple to spot and identify those internal influencers. If you have a person who is very engaged with your internal content or a person whose content is liked by others, the chances are that this person also has a big influence on how grapevine happens in the workplace

Having such data is extremely useful as it helps employers get a feeling about how people connect and communicate in your organization. 

6. Implement the right communication technology

All the above mentioned tips are impossible to achieve without having an appropriate technology in place. Using various formal communications channels has made communication in the workplace very complex, resulting in more conversations via grapevine communication than via formal communication channels. 

When employees are unable to find the information they need to do their jobs successfully, or when they feel like they are left out of the important company updates and conversations, the natural thing to happen is for them to turn to their peers sitting next them. 

Modern employee communication solutions enable organizations to connect all the communication channels into a single platform within which they are sure to reach every employee with the relevant content that they will actually consume. 

What's more, such technology is the only way to track and measure the impact and effectiveness of your internal communications efforts, enabling communicators to make data-driven communications decisions with the goal to create more engaged workplaces and eliminate the negative sides of grapevine communications.   

Tackling Grapevine with Effective  Employee Communications 

If you feel like you have no ways to control or manage grapevine communication in your workplace, you are wrong. Employers need to take a different approach when it comes to employee communications. 

In today's world where information is all around us and we are dealing with extensive information overload, grapevine communication is inevitable. Employers are the ones who should, with the right set of tools, technology and the right internal communications strategy in place, create healthier working environments that support open, honest and transparent employee communications.

To limit the negative impacts grapevine communication may have on your business, keep in mind that your employee communications solution should help you to:

  • Inform your employees in a timely manner
  • Enhance two-way communication in the workplace
  • Successfully share critical and urgent information with your employees in times of a crisis
  • Reach all your employees, no matter where they are (think mobile)
  • Personalize the messages you're sharing with your employees (forget about generic monthly newsletters!)
  • Let your employees customize their news feeds so they get the information that is relevant to their role within the organization, their interests and the languages they speak
  • Engage your employees with your content
  • Measure the success of your internal communication strategy 

If you want to learn more about how Smarp, our employee communications platform, can help you tackle grapevine communication in your workplace, schedule a free Smarp demo!

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Written by

Kristina Martic

Kristina Martic

Digital Marketing and Employer Branding

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